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Introduction To HTML - Developed By World Wide Web Consortium

Introduction to HTML: 

Introduction to HTML:


  • HTML is a markup language that web browsers used to interpret and composed text, images and other material into visual audible web pages. 
  • It is not a programming language, rather it is markup language.
  • HTML means hypertext markup language.
  • HTML is case insensitive language.
  • HTML uses markup tags to define a webpage.
  • HTML file has an extension .htm or .html.
  • HTML is developed by a worldwide web consortium.
  • Currently, we are using the HTML5 version.
  • No need for any programming background.
  • You need every browser installed on your machine and text editor like notepad.
  • Web browser or Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Google Chrome, etc.

Where to write?

  • You need to open Notepad, open a new file and write HTML code in it.
  • Save it with HTML extension. 
  • Execute it with some Browser.  
  • You can open an HTML file with Notepad to make any edition.

HTML elements:

  • An HTML element is an individual component of an HTML document.
  • It starts with a start tag/opening tag and ends with an end tag/ closing tag.
  • The element contained is everything between the start and the end tag.
  • Most HTML elements can have attributes.
Example
  • <p> this is a paragraph </p>
  • Here,<p> is starting tag and </p> is closing tag. Everything between them is paragraph content to be displayed on browser.
Document structure elements:
  • All HTML documents must start with a type declaration : <!DOCTYPE html>
  • <html>
  • <head>
  • <body>


Execution:
HTML elements:

 
<html> tag  
  • The root element of an HTML document, all other elements are contained in this.
  • The HTML element delimits the beginning and the end of an HTML document.
<head> tag
  • Container for processing information and metadata for an HTML document.
<body> tag
  • Container for the displayable content of an HTML document.
Format :
<html>
<head>
Place processing information and metre data here
</head>
</body>
Please display label content here
</body>
</html>

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