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Introduction and History of Bollywood: You Should Know It

History of Bollywood:

There's a good explanation of why our elders are cribbing about the declining music standard today.
Bollywood History
Today, we are going to discuss the history of our Bollywood and you should know about it.
The origin of Bollywood took place in 1913. The term Bollywood is a Hollywood play, with the B coming from Bombay (now known as Mumbai), which is the center of the world of Indian films. 

The term was invented by a magazine gossip column writer in the 1970s, although there is a dispute on the journalist who was the first to use it. Indian cinema, however, dates back to 1913 and the silent film Raja Harishchandra, the first Indian feature-length film. 

Its producer, Dadasaheb Phalke, was the first mogul in Indian cinema, and between 1913 and 1918 he supervised the production of 23 films. Unlike Hollywood however, the industry's initial growth was slow.

đź’ĄThe 1920s of the India Cinema:

Actually, Manilal Joshi, who was an eminent director of Gujarati, after leaving his job as a teacher in 1920 and joined the Kohinoor Film Company, they started learning cinematography from Vishnu B. Joshi. The majority of silent films made in India in Indian cinema, including the states of South India except for Kerala, were mythological in context. 

The tales were mostly taken from the epic Mahabharata. Suchet Singh, A silent director and similar to Dadasaheb Phalke and S. N. Patankar had died in a car crash in 1920 in the pre-studio period. 

He formed the Oriental Film Company in 1919 and directed four movies in 1920, Mrichhakatik based on a play of the same name by King Shutraka, Rama Or Maya, Doctor Pagal as well as Narsinh Mehta. Ardeshir Irani started his first studio, Star Film Company.

đź’ĄThe 1930s of the India Cinema:

1) Alam Ara (Ardeshir Irani, 1931): 
This was a great moment for Bollywood. This was a first Indian' talkie' film starring Prithviraj Kapoor, Master Vithal and Zubeda, a period fantasy. From early morning on the day of its release, surging crowds began to gather near Bombay's Majestic cinema. 

Jostling crowds to obtain tickets practically overwhelmed the booking office and all traffic was blocked on the roads leading to the theatre. Daily the tickets were sold out immediately and the crazy rush to see the first speaking movie persisted before more movies came in.

2) Achhut Kanya (Franz Osten, 1936):
 Achhut Kanya was a much talked about the film produced by Himanshu Rai that marked the emergence of committed social films in India.

3)  Chandidas (Nitin Bose, 1934): 
The film, produced in Bengali for the first time by Debaki Bose, is the story of Bengal's 15th-century priest-poet, who fell in love with a low-caste washerwoman. The flexibility of the care and the highly imaginative use of fun music score set the tone of most films in the New Theatres.

4) Devdas (P. C. Barua, 1936): 
This Saratchandra book, one of the most popular titles ever, was first brought to the Hindi screen by P. C. Barua, with imaginary K. L. Saigal's attempt at the convicted lover.

 đź’ĄMovies that You Can not Miss of 1950s:

1) During the 50s and 60s, when Raj Kapoor, Dilip Kumar, and Rajendra Kumar ruled the Hindi cinema after making a disastrous debut in Rangeeli, Raj Kumar's big-ticket was Mehboob Khan's Mother India where he played Nargis ' husband and Rajendra Kumar's father and Sunil Dutt's.

2) There was basically no looking back after the success of Mother India for Raj Kumar who gave hits such as Paigham, Shararat, Dil Apna Aur Preet Parayi, Waqt, Kaajal and more.

Films of the 1960s:

Bollywood in the 1960s was frothy, in perfect harmony with the high spirits of the swinging times. If the Bollywood of the 1950s articulated a newly independent India's fear and ambition and was primarily a nation-building exercise, the 1960s showed color, optimism, and flamboyance.

1) Methodically Dilip Kumar underplays making the poetic Prince Salim a fitting foil to the dramatic pitch of Prithviraj Kapoor and the passionate portrayal of a love-struck Madhubala that has made Mughal-E-Azam her crowning glory. "Mughal-e-Azam is a tribute to his creator's creativity, hard work, and lavishness," Filmfare wrote in a review of the movie.

2) Kapoor, possibly the first dancing star of Bollywood in Junglee, broke his domineering mother's shackles to venture out to find love and independence. For Kapoor, who introduced the joie de vivre into the 1960s cinema, it could be a simple definition of Junglee–this man would break all rules. And 

Films of the 1970s:

Even the 70s were unforgettable for giving us some of the biggest blockbusters of all time. What's Sholay, Deewar and Don all have in common? Okay, they all got published in the seventies.

There's a good explanation of why our elders are cribbing about the declining music standard today. Because they had seen the seventies.

A period when Kishore Kumar sang gems such as Yeh Shaam Mastani, Khaike Paan Banaras Waala at the height of his singing prowess.

The 1980s of the India Cinema:

The decade has delivered a vertiginous collection of cinematic delights. 

Karz was like the Kisna of today in the 1980s. "Karz infuses chartbuster music from LP with the great and best, boyish charm of Rishi Kapoor and the ever so dependable theme of reincarnation."

In Om Shanti Om, Farah Khan's adoring tribute to Laxmikant-Pyarelal and Karz says everything there is to tell about the enduring impact of this film on today's mainstream filmmakers. "I think this is the best film from Subhash Ghai," Khan once proclaimed.

Khubsoorat is a bit of a gem from the huge portfolio of Hrishikesh Mukherjee. Not his best but it manages to have many of the themes that we associate with a film about Hrishida. Familiar faces adorn the screen, in particular, Ashok Kumar's warm-hearted turn as the henpecked husband sneaking in cigarettes when wife Dina Pathak is not around.

The 1990s of the India Cinema:

For a certain generation, Bollywood is a gold mine of sweet nostalgia.

Mahesh Bhatt is what Manmohan Desai was in the 1970s before the 1990s. Musical hits by Bhatt set and modified the rules of the game at once. Having burnt his fingers with the delicate Arth and Saaransh, Bhatt came to the commercial style of filmmaking as a wounded tiger. 

He mined autobiographical stories for commercial benefit with a series of hits such as Aashiqui and Zakhm. Comedy has always been the strong one for David Dhawan, but take his pre-Aankhen period and you'll find his melodrama and action intensity. 

It was in Aankhen that he showed a comedy head first. The pairing between Govinda and Kader Khan has been a recurring pattern since but you can't deny that Aankhen started it all. In the right positions, it was rib-tickling and simultaneously exciting.

The 2000s of the India Cinema:

Dil Chahta Hai (2001) had a distinct mentality. Despite a formidable star cast, it had a comparatively less hyped release, perhaps because it was coming a month after Lagaan (which was scripting its own mega-success story). But it did end up being the decade's defining picture.

I can't recall enough good roles written for women, let alone memorable performances, except for Rani Mukerji in Black (2005), and Kareena Kapoor in Jab We Met (2007). There were remakes and sequels, mostly trash, except Dhoom (2004) being kind of fun, and Don (2006) getting one ending hell. Lage Raho Munnabhai (2006), who appointed Raju Hirani as the principal director, joined the ranks of the hallowed sequels that actually built on a fantastic first chapter.

In the 2000s, the whole crop of Vishal Bhardwaj, Anurag Kashyap, Dibakar Banerjee, Raghavan–stylists with eyes for the fringe characters and milieus–came into their own. We started seeing much more on the screen of Uttar Pradesh and Delhi. Lots of sex, anxiety. 

The apotheosis was Dev D (2009) who turns ten next month. Also, one scene reminds me: when an old lady gives a moral science lecture to a really drunk Dev, who came and was sitting next to her on the bus, how did he answer? He is eating up her fare.

A list of 5 films (that I didn’t mention in the piece) you should watch:

  • Bluffmaster (2005)
  • Hazaaron Khwaishein Aisi (2005)
  • Manorama Six Feet Under (2007)
  • Oye Lucky Lucky Oye (2008)
  • Luck By Chance (2009)

đź’ĄTen Facts about Bollywood:

1. The first motion picture taken in India was' The Wrestlers,' filmed in 1899. The first fully Indian-produced movie, however, was' Raja Harishchandra,' released in 1913.

2. India cinema overtook America as the world's largest film producer in the 1970s, and coined the word' Bollywood.'

3. Released in 1937, the first Indian film in color was Kisan Kanya, a film about the plight of poor farmers.

4. The role of Sherif Ali in' Lawrence of Arabia' was offered to Actor Dilip Kumar, known as the' Tragedy King.' The offer was declined and the role went to Egyptian actor Omar Sharif

5. Every year Bollywood produces about 1000 films–almost double Hollywood's production.

6.  I remember one song that was ' Don't Phunk with My Heart' from The Black Eyed Peas was influenced by a basic combination of two Bollywood songs ' Ye Mera Dil Yaar Ka Diwana' (1978) and' Ae Nujawan Hai Sub' (1972).

7. Every day, about 14 million Indians go to the movies, which constitutes 1.4 percent of the entire population. Around a day's wage, cinemagoers pay to watch a Bollywood film.

8. Indra Sabha,' an opera about the romance of a prince with a fairy, has an impressive 71 songs in it - the most in any Indian movie.

9. The 2014 satirical science fiction comedy PK is the highest-grossing Bollywood film of all time. It grossed nearly $100 million.

10. For around 1000 undeterred weeks ' Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge' (The Brave Hearted Will Take Away The Bride) has been playing at a Mumbai cinema. It is one of Bollywood's biggest films of all time

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đź’¬Contributed by: Shriyangana Pyne

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