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Happy Ambedkar Jayanti 2020: Amazing Facts About Babasaheb

Ambedkar Jayanti 2020:

Amazing Facts About Babasaheb
Baba Saheb Jayanti

Hello readers! Today’s blog is for a pretty special holiday. Anyone up for guessing? No? that’s okay, I’ll tell you. Its Ambedkar Jayanti today! Yes, today, April  14, is Ambedkar Jayanti. Before I tell you what Ambedkar Jayanti is, I’ll tell you a little about who B.R. Ambedkar is.

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, also known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was the leader of the Dalits and Independent India’s first law and justice minister(1947-51). he was given the title of Father of the Indian Constitution because if his sincere efforts to draft the constitution and also because he was the head of the drafting committee in charge of the framing of the constitution.

Ambedkar was born in a Dalit Mahar family in Western India and was ridiculed and humiliated because of being a Dalit. His father was an officer in the Indian Army. He was awarded a scholarship by the then ruler of Baroda and he studied in universities in Britain, Germany, and the U.S. at Gaekwar’s (ruler of Baroda) request, he entered the Baroda Public Service, but again was humiliated because of his caste and so instead, turned to legal practicing and teaching. 

He has soon established a leader of the Dalits after that, and even wrote and founded journals on their behalf. He was a lawyer, social reformer, politician, economist and a very important leader for the country.

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Ambedkar believed that the gap between the different classes needed to equalized and necessary for the maintenance of unity in the country. It was Ambedkar who introduced the Reservation system to create a social balance amongst different classes.

Ambedkar worked tirelessly for the rights of the Dalits and to bring them at par with the so-called Higher Castes. He inspired the Dalit Buddhist Movement and was the one to campaign against the ‘Untouchables’.

He became heavily involved in campaigns and negotiations for India’s Independence and significantly contributed to the formation of the State of India. He converted to Buddhism in 1956, and in doing so, inspired a lot of Dalit conversions as well.

Ambedkar was also posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1990. He published his book, Annihilation of Caste, on 15 May 1936. The book strongly criticized the caste system and the Hindu orthodox leaders.

It also contained a “Rebuke of Gandhi” on the subject. He also served on the Defence Advisory Committee and on the Viceroy’s Executive Council as a Minister of Labour. 

Ambedkar also argued that the Hindus should concede Pakistan to the Muslims. He wrote a 400-page long tract titled Thoughts on Pakistan analyzing the concept of Pakistan from all aspects. 

Ambedkar, through his sincere and unflinching efforts, made life a lot better for the Dalits and the ‘Untouchables’. He also condemned child marriage and mistreatment of women by Muslims, during the partition.

Ambedkar Jayanti, or Bhim Jayanti, is celebrated on 14 April to celebrate the birth of B.R. Ambedkar. It has been observed as an official public holiday in India since 2015. And not just India, this day is celebrated all around the world. His followers carry out the Ambedkar Jayanti processions at Chaitya Bhoomi in Mumbai, and Deeksha Bhoomi in Nagpur. 

It is also customary for senior National figures such as the Prime Minister, the President and of leaders of major political parties, to pay homage to the statue of Ambedkar at the Parliament of India. 

The day is celebrated all throughout the world, especially by Dalits, Adivasis, women, the labor workers and all those who embraced Buddhism following his example. Large numbers of people visit the local statues in India commemorating Ambedkar with a lot of fanfare.

There have been many tributes given to B.R. Ambedkar. India Post issued stamps in honor of his birthday in 1966, 1973, 1991, 2001, and 2013, and he was also featured on other stamps in 2009, 2015, 2016 and 2017. 

On Ambedkar’s 124th birthday, a google doodle was commemorated especially for him. In 2017, twitter launched a Dr. BR Ambedkar emoji as a tribute. 14 April is also observed as Knowledge Day as per the Maharashtra Government in memory of the legend. 

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💬Contributed by: Mansidak Kaur

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